Severe Trauma First Aid Kit

In addition to your standard first aid kits, of which by now you will have two: a “Boo-Boo Kit” consisting of assorted bandaids and headache relief plus the second kit would have many more components including a variety of medicine and larger bandages, but what about severe trauma? Bleeding that can’t be controlled with a few simple bandaids? A large gash that could be life threatening? If there is any possibility of encountering any severe trauma in your life then it stands to reason that you should be prepared to respond.

If you’re around power tools, axes, saws, etc. then it may seem obvious that a severe trauma kit could be useful but thank about it, are you around kitchen knives, glass windows, cars? All of these can lead to severe trauma under the most gruesome of circumstances, so it would be better to be ready for anything.

A severe trauma first aid kit, to add to your regular first said kit, might only cost you $20 to $50, isn’t saving someone’s life or your own life with $50?

  • Take responsibility for yourself
  • Take responsibility for those people that are around you at any given time
  • Take a Red Cross (or similar) First Aid class every year (their certificates expire each year) and follow those instructions above anything you read on this site.
  • Have a Boo-Boo kit and a First Aid Kit and consider any special needs that would require a socialized kit (such as a Severe Trauma First Aid Kit)
  • Know your limits, ask for help when you aren’t sure about what you are doing

The primary threat of a severe trauma is simply bleeding to death, it can happen much easier than it seems if a large blood vessel is cut or even nicked. Even in densely populated urban areas that have very rapid response of emergency vehicles, a person could bleed out in the few minutes it takes an EMT to arrive on scene. Automobile accidents are notorious for these kinds of wounds and we all drive around, or are in vehicles, don’t we?

Kitchen accidents are also a source of life threatening accidents, as are yard tools and especially power tools of any kind (chainsaws, mowers, drill, random saws, etc.) Its possible, and it has happened too often that someone bled out during a yard accident while waiting for an ambulance or EMT to arrive.

Components

Israeli Bandage (Emergency Bandage)

The Emergency Bandage was invented by an Israeli military medic, Bernard Bar-Natan, are  manufactured in Lod, Israel, by First Care Products Ltd and were nicknamed Israeli Bandage by US soldiers. This bandage has been successful in treating many battlefield and even stateside traumatic wounds and is easy to apply. Its basic premise is to provide constant pressure on the large pad that presses against the wound. This frees the person providing treatment to perform other important tasks and allegedly allows for the wounded person to apply it themselves. Because this bandage wraps around the treated area, it only works on legs and arms.

Israeli Bandage Amazon Link

Tourniquet

The most (if only) controversial of all first aid techniques or equipment, tourniquets are no longer being taught in the American Red Cross First Aid classes because it was believed that they were being over used and people were losing arms or legs unnecessarily.

Its commonly believed that an Israeli Bandage is a functional replacement for an old fashioned tourniquet, if you’re not a medical professional then tis might be a better choice for you. Think about it.

It appears that the problem is that people panic and don’t know when to use them. The intention behind a tourniquet is to stop blood flow in an attempt to save the patient’s life. This is a noble cause and the technique has been proven to work many times over, the problem is that in a panic, the average person simply tightens the tourniquet too tightly and never releases the pressure occasionally to supply blood to the rest of the injured limb. Naturally the limb dies without sufficient blood to keep its cells alive.

Very often we find EMTs, paramedics and other emergency professionals tout the benefits of using a tourniquet because they are focused on saving limbs as well as saving lives. What the average person is missing out on is that the people saying that tourniquets are great are medical professionals who see a lot of wounds every year and have their eyes trained to spot when a wound is not responding to direct pressure (which is always recommended as the first line of treatment) then they intuitively know that a tourniquet may be required to save the patient’s life.

You have to decide if you will include one in your first aid kits and if you will use it in any given emergency. Since the proliferation of cell service and cell coverage is so great that you can and should dial 911 immediately then ask them if they can help you decide if a tourniquet is necessary.

Tourniquet Amazon Link

Nitrile Gloves

Before you touch anyone or even break open the first aid supplies. This will help you from catching any diseases, it will also help you from accidentally infecting the patient’s wounds with anything that is in your hands. Since you are treating a traumatic wound, any time bacteria that is on your hands (even if they seem very clean, there will always be bacteria landing on your hands) it will get into the wound and can cause the patient to have a secondary threat to their lives, which is a bacterial infection that is deep inside their body.

Nitrile is superior because you or your patient may be allergic to latex found in conventional “rubber” gloves. Its best to simply stock only nitrile gloves in all your kits.

Nitrile Gloves Amazon Link

Compress

Compress is a simple, ancient, method for treating bleeding wounds. Since the human body will clot and close wounds by itself, we simply need to help the process along by covering the wound with a sterile pad (dressing) and applying direct pressure with out hand. Usually within a few minutes the bleeding will stop and the patient can be treated by medical personnel when they become available. Since you probably want to be able to let go of the patient to tend to other wounds or call for help, you can use a roll of sterile gauze to them keep the sterile pad applied to the wound. You simply wrap the area with the entire roll of gauze to hold the pad in place.

  • 4.5 in. x 4.1 yd Sterile, 6-ply 100% cotton gauze (roll) Amazon Link
  • 4″ x 4″ 12 Ply Cotton Sterile gauze pads Amazon Link
  • Optional (if they are not in your primary first aid kit)
    • Medical shears
    • Sterile tape (paper tape is less likely to cause allergic reactions standard medical tape has a latex backing which causes many people break out n a rash)

 

CGEIT